March 21, 2023

After greater than two years and a half of suspended slot guidelines in Brazilian airports, the Brazilian authorities has restored the home 80/20 rule for the 2022 winter season, between October 30 and March 25, 2023.

Restoring the slot rule

Earlier this week, Brazil’s Nationwide Civil Aviation Company (ANAC) printed a decision quickly altering the monitoring of the usage of slots allotted at airports in Brazil. ANAC determined to renew the 80/20 rule in all coordinated airports for the winter season. This rule will solely apply to home flights, and pre-pandemic guidelines will apply once more, eliminating the waivers that permit airways to cancel slot use with out shedding historic rights.


In the meantime, slots for worldwide operations will proceed to be protected against the 80/20 rule, mentioned ANAC. Given the sluggish restoration of the worldwide air market in Brazil, the waiver will proceed throughout the winter season. The requisites are that the departure and arrival instances are from historic slots and the airways return them no less than seven days earlier than the discharge of the reference base.

In response to a report by native media outlet Aeroin, the airline that makes use of the waiver might solely reapply for the canceled worldwide slots after 30 days, and topic to the supply of airport infrastructure.

Brazil is restoring the home 80/20 slot rule for the 2022 winter season. Photograph: Lukas Souza | Easy Flying.

What’s the 80/20 rule?

Slots are a method of managing capability at airports worldwide. They are often extraordinarily precious, with some being bought and a really excessive value (as an example, SAS bought a pair of Heathrow slots for US$60 million in 2015, and Air New Zealand bought one slot at this similar airport for $27 million).

Ordinarily, airways should function slots 80% of the time to retain rights to them the next 12 months; this is named the 80/20 rule or the “use it or lose it” rule. This rule was set as much as assist guarantee capability is used effectively, significantly in extremely congested airports, and forestall carriers from hoarding precious slots with out using them. Pre-pandemic, there have been 204 slot coordinated airports worldwide; yearly, 1.5 billion passengers departed from a slot coordinated hub, that was 43% of world departing passengers.

Nonetheless, the COVID-19 pandemic introduced a chaotic unprecedented time for the airline trade worldwide. Swiftly, airways have been working ghost flights – that’s, providers with extraordinarily low load elements – to keep away from shedding their precious slots. Subsequently, governments worldwide suspended the 80/20 rule. Little by little, governments have been addressing the potential for restoring the “use it or lose it” rule, with Brazil turning into the newest to announce the return of it.

Globally the slot rule was waivered at the beginning of the pandemic. Photograph: Getty Photographs.

What’s IATA asking?

Final month, the Worldwide Air Transport Affiliation (IATA) expressed concern {that a} untimely return to pre-pandemic slot use guidelines within the European Union this winter dangers persevering with disruption to passengers. IATA has not addressed the topic in Latin America. The European Fee introduced it intends to return to the 80/20 slot rule this winter season. Whereas the system has proved efficient in managing entry, the chaos seen at sure airports this summer season came about with a slot use threshold of 64% in Europe, mentioned IATA.

Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director Normal, mentioned the airline trade is “We’re nervous that airports is not going to be prepared in time to service an 80% threshold by the top of October. It’s important the Member States and Parliament regulate the Fee’s proposal to a sensible degree and allow flexibility to the slot use guidelines. Airports are equal companions within the slot course of, allow them to exhibit their skill to declare and handle their capability precisely and competently after which restore the slot use subsequent summer season.”

Supply: Aeroin.

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