March 21, 2023

  • 777-300ER aircraft departing Zurich for

    Thai Airways
    IATA/ICAO Code:
    Airline Sort:
    Full Service Service
    Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport
    12 months Based:
    Star Alliance
    Suvadhana Sibunruang

On August 31, 1987, precisely 25 years in the past at the moment, THAI Airways Flight 365 was a repeatedly scheduled home flight between Hat Yai Worldwide Airport (HDY) in southern Thailand and Phuket Worldwide Airport (HKT). The plane crashed whereas approaching Phuket killing all 83 passengers and crew.

The plane, a seven-year-old Boeing 737-200 with the registration HS-TBC, was delivered new to THAI Airways from Boeing’s Renton manufacturing unit in August 1980. In command of the flight was 53-year-old Captain Vishanet Ampawat, with 19,538 flying hours, 5,576 of which had been aboard the Boeing 737. Aiding the captain was an unnamed 37-year-old first officer with 5,951 flight hours, of which solely 156 hours was aboard the Boeing 737.


Thai Airways Flight 365 crashed into the Andaman Sea 9.3 miles in need of the airport. Picture: GCmaps

Flight 365 was involved about one other plane

Because the flight approached Phuket Worldwide Airport, the climate situations on the time had been good. Whereas getting ready to land, Captain Ampawat expressed concern a couple of Dragonair Boeing 737 that was additionally touchdown on the airport.

Whereas flying beneath and behind the THAI Airways flight at 15:34 native time, the Dragonair captain radioed Air Visitors Management (ATC) to say that he was flying at 2,460 toes 15 miles out. In the meantime, THAI Airways flight 365 was 5.6 miles from the airport.

As a result of the Dragonair flight was flying at a decrease altitude, it was allowed to land first, turning proper for a closing strategy on runway 27. A number of seconds later, THAI Airways flight 365 was given permission to descend to three,300 toes and instructed to land. Instantly after, the THAI Airways flight crew referred to as the Phuket tower to say that the place of the Dragonair aircraft was incorrect. The Thai Airways pilots additionally instructed ATC that they had been 9.3 miles out. Following a brief dialog, Flight 365 was given precedence to land first.

Flight 365 stalled and crashed into the ocean

The captain of the Dragonair flight radioed the THAI Airways crew to warn of a attainable collision because the THAI Boeing 737 was heading in the right direction to intercept his flight. Because of this, flight 365 lowered its airspeed by an excessive amount of, forcing the stick shaker to activate. The plane then continued to gradual additional earlier than lastly stalling.

In an try and get well from the stall, the captain elevated energy and retracted the touchdown gear, but it surely proved to be too little too late because the aircraft crashed into the Andaman Sea 9.3 miles east of the airport. Upon influence, the aircraft instantly sank 66 toes earlier than coming to relaxation on the seabed. All 9 crew members and 74 passengers died within the crash.

The investigation

Investigators decided that the possible reason for the crash was as a result of the pilot had slowed the aircraft down an excessive amount of, inflicting it to stall. They identified that the captain was in all probability confused over which aircraft was purported to land first. As soon as the shaker stick activated, the pilot did the right factor rising energy and elevating the touchdown gear, but it surely was too late. Phuket Air Visitors Management was additionally criticized for failing to maintain Flight 365 and the Dragonair flight adequately separated. This led to 2 ATC controllers being transferred to different duties.

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